Interdiction and investigation are both efforts by law enforcement services meant to solve crimes in the society. Both interdiction and investigation take variable time periods, ranging from a few days to years, and apprehension is normally the end results of all the efforts. Therefore, officers in both fields have a culture of patience, being able to build and prove their cases slowly as new evidence comes up until enough evidence has been collected to justify the apprehension of the offender. Without enough evidence in both fields, charges cannot be laid on the offender because it is a requirement by the law. Military services have come to be involved in both interdiction and investigation efforts in non-military services. For instance, the US military offered to play a major interdiction role after its primary strategic enemy, the Soviet Union, collapsed. Besides that, the US military has units for both interdiction and investigation that help propel its power worldwide. In both fields, caution is a culture that is mandatory depending on the target being investigated or interdicted. Officers in both units are trained to be highly cautious when approaching targets.
As contrasted to interdiction, investigation is a wider field that can encompass elements of interdiction such as monitoring, detection, and sorting. In the course of an interdiction process, an investigation comes first, which means that investigation always comes before interdiction. The officers involved with the interdiction must perform a thorough investigation of the situation before they can move in to interdict. In most cases, training culture among interdiction officers is more thorough and tougher as compared to investigation officers. Interdiction officers are highly trained in combat and the use of weapons from both a close range and distance.
The culture of thorough training is necessary because the nature of the job the officers do is sometimes very risky. For instance, highway interdiction efforts involve some dangerous gang members who have sufficient training in the use of weapons. While target with offenders frequently happens in investigations, officers involved in interdiction rarely make contact with the targeted individuals before the last steps, that is, pursuit and apprehension. The culture of remaining as anonymous and as “out of sight” as possible is highly pursued among interdiction officers as opposed to investigation officers in most cases. However, investigation officers have the culture of maintaining a variety of personalities and character depending on the case they are working on. Sometimes they have to blend into the target group and behave according to the requirements of the group, while in some cases, they have to be normal like members of the public. Such change of character and assumption of various personalities does not apply in interdiction, targets are monitored from a distance, detected and sorted and then pursued for apprehension. In addition, whereas investigation is normally a solo effort in most cases, with cases being assigned to a single officer or two partners, interdiction nurtures a culture of teamwork. Officers have to monitor targets collectively and get involved in making collective decisions based on the scenario under investigation. All the three steps of interdiction, that is, monitoring, detection and sorting, as well as pursuit and apprehension is a team effort, as opposed to investigations, in which single officers bear the bulk of the investigation with a few steps involving other officers. Since targets of interdiction are almost always dangerous or individuals are capable of fleeing, the culture of treating them as such has emerged in interdiction services as opposed to targets of investigation who are sometimes innocent members of the public, with some being children.
About the author:
Alyson Hastings is working as a freelance writer at Best-writing-service. Her field of activity is writing a legal brief template for students that want to connect their lives with science of law.