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The short term loans when salaried people need money to relieve financial strains, debit cards are not available on demand. Payday loans are well known for providing amounts between £100 and £1000 with terms of 14 to 30 days for repayment. The provided cash can be continuously used to pay for laundry, medical bills, power, unexpected auto repairs, outstanding bank overdrafts, credit card payments, child's school or tuition fees, and a variety of other expenses.

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Getting the best Same Day Loans UK for you

Risk considerations that lenders consider before approving a same day loans UK for a borrower with poor credit include defaults, foreclosure, skipping payments, payments that are past due, late payments, CCJs, IVAs, and even liquidation. That's why; it is never easy to make the money from lenders in the open market. Nonetheless, there are payday loans without a debit card available in the market to assist folks, regardless of their credit histories. Cause behind of it is that these loans are endowed to people against their income status.

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Same day loans function similarly to [personal loans]. If your same day loans direct lenders application is approved, you will have to pay interest on the amount you borrowed and repay it over time in equal monthly payments. You'll need to discover a credit-worthy person who is willing to pay off your debt if you are unable to pay it back when you apply for a same day cash loan. Your guarantee minimizes the loan provider's risk to lend to you. When you apply for the loan, your guarantor will have their credit history reviewed, be asked about their income, and be required to submit documentation proving their identification and income.

Sarah Ferguson is a financial adviser of Payday Quid. Please visit on the following link to know more about short term loans UK, same day loans direct lenders and short term loans UK direct lender.
PaydayQuid 25 march 2023, 6:32


The hospital surgical anesthesia system consists of two parts, namely, the part for delivering anesthesia drugs and the part for mechanical ventilation. It consists of valves, pipelines, air storage bags, c02 absorption tanks, anesthesia machines and other parts. This system can be used for controlled breathing as well as for spontaneous breathing. The vast majority of hospital surgical anesthesia systems are looped. The biggest difference between the ventilation system used by the anesthesiology department in the operating room and that used by ICU users is that the former includes a rebreathing function.

At present, the work of anesthesiology department is one of the most concentrated parts of high-tech development in the medical field. Anesthesiologists should confirm that the most basic working conditions have been established before daily work. Including checking the working status of all rescue equipment, especially checking the functions of the ventilator in detail. They are the high-pressure system, low-pressure system, exhaust gas discharge system, manual and self-controlled breathing system of the ventilator, and all monitoring functions, such as oxygen, carbon dioxide and anesthetic drug concentration monitoring.

1. Anesthesia machine

Anesthesia machine is one of the most important equipment used by anesthesiologists daily. Modern anesthesia machines are reliable, durable, and usually have advanced monitoring functions, which have the ability to quickly identify common abnormal physiological functions and save patients from suffering. A good anesthesia machine should include high-quality circuit and gas circuit design. There are three common gas circuits: oxygen, air, and laughing gas. There should be a connection VI with the central gas supply pipeline and a connection with the high-pressure gas cylinder. device. The pressure inside the pipeline is 50rsig. , because the maximum pressure of the high-pressure oxygen cylinder is about 2200 psig, and the maximum pressure of the laughing gas cylinder is 745 r ig, so it must be reduced to the working pressure of the anesthesia machine (45-50 psig) through the pressure reducing valve during use. At present, there are also some better anesthesia machines (such as Ohmeda series), in order to make the gas supply more accurate, the pressure can be reduced to 14 psig through the secondary decompression device.

Modern anesthesia machines have many built-in safety protection systems that can prevent low oxygen input. The first is the interlocking device of the oxygen and nitrous oxide switch. When the oxygen pressure drops or the supply is interrupted, the nitrous oxide is automatically turned off. Secondly, as in the setting of the mixture of oxygen and nitrous oxide, once the set concentration Fi02 is lower than 0.25, the ventilation system will alarm.

The design of the anesthesia volatilizer should be more precise, and it should ensure that the constant concentration is maintained in the fresh air flow of different flows. And it should have the function of drug identification, which can prompt for wrongly loaded drugs. At the same time, errors in drug output volume should be avoided when the position of the vaporizer is changed. Only in this way can the set anesthetic drug concentration be accurately supplied to the patient.

2. Anesthesia circuit

hospital operation anesthesia systemContains a pipeline circuit, the purpose of which is to obtain air flow from a fresh air source, rely on it to supply oxygen, and at the same time remove c02 in the breathing circuit, there are two ways to achieve this purpose, directly wash out cq by fresh air flow or absorb c02 agent absorption. The semi-closed hospital surgical anesthesia system does not contain a c02 absorption tank, so there is repeated inhalation of part of the exhaled air, and the reinhalation depends on the design of the circuit and the ventilation flow. The cq in the closed hospital surgical anesthesia system is eliminated by the absorption tank.
arshine 21 march 2023, 2:56


 "The country is based on the people, and the people depend on food." Food is the material basis and guarantee for human survival. In recent years, my country's food industry has developed rapidly, and more and more new food varieties have continuously entered people's lives and become one of the necessities of people's lives. When talking about the food industry, we have to mention food additives. Some people think that food additives in edible food are harmful to health. In fact, this confuses the concepts of food additives and non-edible substances.

Non-edible substances refer to those that do not belong to food raw materials, do not belong to new resource foods approved for use, do not belong to medicine and food dual-use or are used as general food control substances, and are not listed in the "National Food Safety Standard Food Additive Use Standard" and Other laws and regulations allow the use of substances other than substances. In short, non-edible substances cannot be eaten. Food additives are synthetic or natural substances added to food to improve the quality of food color, aroma, taste, etc., as well as to meet the needs of antisepsis and processing technology, and are edible.

  Eating non-edible substances will bring great harm to the human body, while eating food additives in moderation has almost no effect on the human body. After food additives enter the human body, they go through a series of decomposition, and part of them are excreted through urine metabolism without accumulation in the body; part of them are decomposed or assimilated into harmless substances such as water and carbon dioxide, which are absorbed by the human body. In the national standard, out of consideration for the safety of consumers, the use of food additives should meet five basic principles: first, it should not cause any health hazards to the human body; second, it should not cover up food spoilage; third, it should not cover up the food itself or quality defects in the process of processing or the use of food additives for the purpose of adulteration, adulteration, and counterfeiting; fourth, the nutritional value of the food itself should not be reduced; fifth, the use of food additives should be reduced as much as possible under the premise of achieving the intended purpose. quantity.

In food production and processing, food additives only account for 0.01%~0.1% of food, but they can improve the organizational state of food, adjust food flavor and nutritional structure, improve food quality and grade, improve food processing conditions, extend food shelf life, etc. It is one of the important factors for the rapid development of the modern food industry.

  There are many kinds of food additives, each of which plays different roles in food. According to functions and uses, food additives can be divided into 23 types, namely: acidity regulators, anticaking agents, defoamers, antioxidants, bleaching agents, leavening agents, base substances in gum-based candies, coloring agents, protective agents, etc. Coloring agent, emulsifier, enzyme preparation, flavor enhancer, flour treatment agent, coating agent, moisture retaining agent, nutrition enhancer, preservative, stabilizer and coagulant, sweetener, thickener, food flavoring, food Industrial processing aids, others. Below, these food additives will be briefly introduced.


Acidity regulators

  Acidity regulators are substances used to maintain or alter the pH of food. Generally, acidity regulators include citric acid, phosphoric acid, lactic acid, tartaric acid, malic acid, acetic acid, fumaric acid, adipic acid, hydrochloric acid, sodium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, sodium citrate, sodium bicarbonate wait. Adding acidity regulators to food can produce pleasant sour taste in food, improve food flavor, help increase consumer appetite, promote digestion, and enhance nutrient absorption. At the same time, sour agents can reduce the total pH value in food, play an anti-microbial effect to a certain extent, and help to extend the shelf life of food. In addition, acidity regulators can be used to neutralize residual acidic or alkaline substances in food, such as hydrochloric acid to neutralize residual sodium hydroxide when processing canned oranges.


Anti-caking agents

  Anti-caking agents are substances used to prevent granular or powdered foods from agglomerating and keeping them loose or free-flowing. Common anticaking agents include potassium ferrocyanide, calcium silicate, sodium aluminosilicate, tricalcium phosphate, silicon dioxide, magnesium stearate, etc. In daily life, some foods absorb moisture or oil from the air or the environment during processing and storage, forming agglomerates, which is not conducive to quality preservation and consumption. Adding appropriate anti-caking agents to food can effectively prevent caking. Some anti-caking agents play an adsorption role, absorbing moisture in the air that is easy to cause agglomeration to achieve anti-caking effects. For example, adding silicon dioxide to egg powder and milk powder can effectively ensure their powder state; some anti-caking agents rely on changing food characteristics To achieve the anti-caking effect, for example, adding potassium ferrocyanide to table salt can transform the regular hexahedral crystal of table salt into a star-shaped crystal, making it less likely to agglomerate.


Antifoaming agents

  Defoamers are substances that reduce surface tension, inhibit foam generation, or eliminate existing foam during food processing, including emulsified silicone oil, dimethyl polysiloxane, ether defoamers, etc. During food fermentation, soybean processing and adding emulsifiers, a large amount of insoluble gas will be generated and stored in the liquid or solid of the food, and then foam will be formed. The generation of foam will greatly limit the production capacity, cause waste of raw materials and products, and even affect the quality and flavor of food. Most of the defoamers are substances with low surface tension, easy to absorb, and spread on the foam liquid film. They can reduce the surface tension of the foam, increase the gas-liquid contact surface, thin the liquid film, and eventually cause the foam to burst and achieve defoaming. the goal of.



  In the process of food production, processing and storage, food is in contact with oxygen, and under the catalysis of light, heat, metal ions and other factors, an oxidation reaction occurs to produce harmful substances such as acids, aldehydes, ketones, and amines. Oxidation reaction is one of the important factors leading to food spoilage. The rancidity of oil, the fading of fruit juice, the browning of canned fruit, and the denaturation of vitamins are all representative of oxidation reaction. Eating oxidatively deteriorated food will not only lose the original nutrition, but also cause great harm to the human body. In severe cases, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever and other poisoning symptoms may occur. The addition of antioxidants can prevent oxidation reactions by blocking oxygen, blocking oxidation reaction chains, decomposing free radicals, and combining metal ions to achieve the purpose of anti-oxidation. Therefore, antioxidants are of vital importance to the food industry and consumers. Common antioxidants include tert-butyl hydroquinone, ascorbic acid, vitamin C, vitamin E, tea polyphenols, propyl gallate, phytic acid, etc.


Bleaching agents

  During production and processing, food will undergo biochemical changes such as oxidation reaction, enzymatic browning, and Maillard reaction, and the food will fade, brown, and lose its original color, which not only affects the sense of food, but is also not conducive to food storage. and nutritional maintenance. Adding bleaching agent can not only destroy and inhibit the coloring factors of food, prevent browning and fading, maintain the original color of food, but also have various functions such as anti-oxidation, antisepsis and antibacterial. Common bleaching agents in food include potassium permanganate, plant activated carbon, sulfite, etc. Among them, potassium permanganate has strong oxidizing properties, which will destroy the nutrients in food, and the residue is relatively high; plant activated carbon has strong adsorption, and can be used as a decolorizing agent in white sugar production; sulfite has reducing properties, and its effective bleaching The ingredient is sulfur dioxide.


Raising agents

  Leaving agent refers to the substance added during food processing, which can make the product rise to form a dense porous structure, so that the food has a soft, crisp or fluffy substance. Common leavening agents in food include sodium bicarbonate, ammonium bicarbonate, aluminum potassium sulfate, aluminum ammonium sulfate, calcium hydrogen phosphate, etc. They are mainly used in baked foods such as bread, biscuits, cakes, and fried foods such as fried dough sticks and oil cakes. Leavening agents not only make food crispy and delicious, but also facilitate the digestion and absorption of the human body, which is of great significance in convenience foods. However, the aluminum in the leavening agent will have adverse effects on the human body. Excessive consumption will cause memory loss, cause brain atrophy, dementia and other symptoms, and affect intelligence. The food industry is gradually reducing the application of aluminum potassium sulfate and aluminum ammonium sulfate, and exploring new replacement substances.


Basic agent substances in Gum matrix candy

  The base substance in gum-based candy refers to the substance that gives gum-based candy air bubbles, plasticization, and chewing resistance. It is a special type of candy and is the only food that is chewed and not swallowed. In the food industry, the base agent in gum-based candies comes from natural and synthetic gums, including chicle gum, candle gum, gutta-percha, styrene-butadiene gum, butyl gum, etc., which are mainly used in the production of chewing gum and bubble gum. Wait for a long time to chew the unswallowed substance. Since the gum base must be inert and insoluble, it is not easily soluble in saliva, water and oil, and it will not be absorbed by the human body even if it is eaten by mistake, so eating food-grade gum base will not cause harm to the human body.


Color modifiers

  The color and luster of food is the first visual impression of the eater, and it is the forerunner for people to distinguish the quality of food. In addition, color is also an important sign of food maturity or spoilage. If the expected color of food changes, it means that there are problems in production, processing or packaging, and the quality of food is affected. Therefore, it is often necessary to properly add coloring agents to food to enhance the color without covering up food spoilage. Coloring agents are also called food colorings. Adding coloring agents should follow the following seven principles: ① Make up for the loss of color caused by exposure to light, air, extreme temperature, humidity, and storage conditions. ②Correct the deviation of natural color. Natural pigments are unevenly distributed in food. Adding similar pigments to food can make up for this phenomenon. ③Enhance natural pigments. The color of natural pigments in food is weak, adding similar coloring agents can enhance the color. ④ Provide characteristic color to colorless food. Examples include adding red to strawberry ice cream; adding green to matcha pastries. ⑤Provide colorful color for entertainment food. ⑥Protect flavor and vitamins from sunlight. ⑦Provide an attractive appearance for nutritious and healthy food.

  Coloring agents can be divided into fat-soluble and water-soluble according to their solubility. Fat-soluble synthetic dyes are insoluble in water, dissolve in fat tissue in the human body, are not easy to excrete, and are highly toxic to the human body. Water-soluble synthetic pigments are easy to excrete from the body and have low toxicity, so they are generally suitable for food coloring. Coloring agents can be divided into two categories: edible natural pigments and edible synthetic pigments according to their sources. Natural pigments are food pigments obtained by extraction, separation or derivation from plants, microorganisms, animals or minerals, mainly including carotenoids, anthocyanins, flavonoids and pyrroles. Natural pigments are bright in color, safe and non-toxic, and most of them have physiological activity. They have direct or indirect nutritional and health effects on the human body, and are favored by consumers. However, natural pigments have poor dyeing power, complex ingredients, high cost, and some even have peculiar smell and odor, which cannot fully meet the needs of production and processing. Therefore, food synthetic pigments need to be introduced into the food industry. Synthetic pigments have strong coloring power, low cost, and simple structure, and can be applied to a large number of needs in the food industry. In the production process of synthetic pigments, some of them are made from aromatic hydrocarbon chemical products through sulfonation, nitration, halogenation, azolation and other reactions, which are poisonous to the human body to varying degrees. Therefore, the safety of synthetic pigments has been widely recognized. dispute. After repeated toxicological experimental research and safety evaluation, the amount of synthetic pigment used is controlled within a certain range and will not cause harm to the human body. The national standard GB 2760 strictly stipulates the use limit of food-grade colorants in different foods. Therefore, adding synthetic pigments to food in accordance with GB 2760 will not cause any harm to the human body. Edible synthetic pigments include amaranth, carmine, erythrosin, tartrazine, sunset yellow, brilliant blue, titanium dioxide, lycopene, and sodium copper chlorophyll, a total of 28 substances.


Color fixatives

  Color-protecting agent refers to the substance that can interact with the color-forming substances in meat and meat products, so that it will not be decomposed and damaged during food processing and preservation, and present a good color. Unlike colorants, color protectants do not impart any color by themselves. The main color-protecting agents in the food industry are sodium nitrate, potassium nitrate, sodium nitrite and potassium nitrite. Among them, the toxicity and safety of nitrite have always attracted much attention. After nitrite enters the human body, it reacts with protein to generate carcinogenic nitrosamine compounds, and long-term consumption of large amounts will endanger human health. When ingested in excess, nitrite can form methemoglobin with hemoglobin and lose the oxygen-carrying function, which can cause death, and the lethal dose is 3g. However, nitrite can enhance the special flavor of meat products, and can inhibit the proliferation and toxin production of Clostridium botulinum, Staphylococcus aureus and Lactobacillus viridans, playing an irreplaceable role in the preservation of meat products. Toxicology experiments show that when the human body ingests nitrite less than 0.06mg/kg, it will not cause harm. The national standard GB 2760 has strict regulations on the amount of nitrite added to meat products. Meat products that meet the requirements of the national standard will not cause harm to the human body, and consumers can eat them with confidence.



  Emulsifiers are food additives that sharply reduce the surface tension of food colloids through adsorption, thereby promoting the stability of the entire food system. In the production and processing of food, emulsifiers are almost always used. There are often two or more immiscible systems in food, and emulsifier is a kind of surface active substance with hydrophilic group and lipophilic group. Adding emulsifier can reduce the surface tension of different systems in food, and promote the The fusion of immiscible components forms a uniform and stable dispersion system, which is very important for improving the flavor of food and prolonging the freshness period. Common emulsifiers include sucrose fatty acid esters, sodium caseinate, Span, Tween, glycerin fatty acid esters, stearyl lactylate, hydrogenated rosin glycerides, neodecanoic acid glycerides, etc.
arshine 21 march 2023, 2:55

Lycopene is mainly derived from ripe tomatoes, and tomatoes are often loved by the people for their rich nutrition. Lycopene is the essence of tomatoes. What is the function of lycopene?

The role of lycopene

Cardiovascular protection

Lycopene is also a natural antioxidant component. It can reduce the amount of low-density lipoprotein in the human body, purify the blood, and improve the health of blood vessels. Oral lycopene can lower cholesterol, prevent blood lipids, and blood pressure. Increase and can improve arterial toughness and elasticity, reduce the incidence of arteriosclerosis. Lycopene can also nourish the myocardium and improve heart function. It can prevent heart dysfunction and prevent myocardial infarction and arrhythmia.


Protect the prostate

The decline or lack of lycopene content in male blood will not be able to resist the erosion of free radicals on the human body, especially the prostate tissue. The damage to the prostate tissue is the core of the prostate disease and the key to the long-term cure of the prostate disease. Lycopene is like a "rust remover", removing impurities and rejuvenating the body. Therefore, to improve prostate problems, it is essential to supplement lycopene.

sun protection

Lycopene can improve the sun protection ability of human skin. It has obvious resistance to ultraviolet rays. In the hot summer weather, people eat more ingredients containing lycopene, which can effectively prevent ultraviolet rays from harming human skin and prevent sunburn. Those who have sunburn or sunburn can make their skin recover as soon as possible after eating more lycopene.

improve immunity

Vitamin E contained in lycopene is a strong antioxidant. Vitamin E has a strong antioxidant effect both in vivo and in vitro; antioxidant capacity.

3 Foods High in Lycopene


Guava is also rich in lycopene. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that guava fruit is sweet, astringent, and warm in nature. It can treat acute gastroenteritis, dysentery and diarrhea, infantile malnutrition, acute and chronic pharyngitis, hoarseness, hemorrhoid pain and bleeding, and itchy skin, prickly heat, lower extremity ulcers, Bruises, bleeding from knife wounds, burns and other diseases, and its processed products also have the effect of astringent and antidiarrheal.



Lycopene is mainly found in the ripe fruits of tomato, a plant of the nightshade family, so the best way to supplement tomatoes is to eat tomatoes. Lycopene in tomatoes and tomato products is the main source of carotenoids in Western diets, and people get more than 80% of their total intake of lycopene from tomatoes.


A cup of watermelon contains 6 mg of lycopene, while a fresh raw tomato contains only 4 mg of lycopene. As a super antioxidant, lycopene can protect human cells from free radical damage and enhance the function of the immune system.
arshine 21 march 2023, 2:54

The current market conditions of the breeding industry continue to be optimistic, which has also stimulated the enthusiasm of farmers and related services such as seedlings, feed, and veterinary drugs. Especially now that it is the season when livestock and poultry diseases are prevalent, and it is also a time of serious and difficult-to-treat diseases in a year, some veterinary drug manufacturers will sell their products and deliberately exaggerate some veterinary drugs that are already more resistant The curative effect, then brings relatively large drug loss to those farmers who don't know the truth.
  For example, take amoxicillin as an example. The resistance rate of unilateral amoxicillin to Gram-negative bacteria is relatively high. Only compound amoxicillin preparations like amoxicillin-potassium clavulanate and amoxicillin-colistin sulfate are effective against Gram-negative bacteria. In addition to Gram-negative bacteria, amoxicillin is still relatively sensitive to Clostridium welchii, Helicobacter pylori, Staphylococcus, Haemophilus parabacterium, etc., so amoxicillin is still effective for many gastrointestinal diseases.
  However, some veterinary drug manufacturers promote amoxicillin as an anti-inflammatory drug, which is wrong. Because inflammation occurs after the body is damaged, whether it is caused by external or internal causes, it is an immune response that occurs in the body. In clinical diagnosis, it is mainly manifested as local symptoms of redness, swelling, heat and pain, which are said to be "anti-inflammatory" by some treating veterinarians. So, there is such a thing as anti-inflammatory. In fact, there is more than one cause of inflammation, there are two kinds of infectious and non-infectious.
  Then, for inflammation caused by bacterial infection, it is effective to use antibacterial "anti-inflammatory" that is sensitive to amoxicillin. Here, amoxicillin is not directly anti-inflammatory, but indirectly relieves inflammation. For those non-infectious inflammations, the use of antibiotics such as amoxicillin is ineffective. Usually use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (aspirin, acetaminophen, diclofenac sodium, carbapirin calcium, etc.) etc., to reduce or terminate the inflammatory response process.
  Therefore, various pathogenic bacteria invade the body or cause secondary bacterial infection, which is usually called infection; in clinical treatment, it is necessary to use antibacterial drugs that are sensitive to these pathogenic bacteria. The body's "inflammatory" defensive response to certain injuries and stimuli is just inflammation. Therefore, if there is infection, there must be inflammation; but if there is inflammation, there is not necessarily infection. Another point to note is that antibiotics are not effective for infections caused by viruses.
  Based on the above analysis and discussion, unilateral amoxicillin preparations are more often used as a prescription "combination" in clinical veterinary treatment in order to receive better therapeutic effects. For example, to treat gastrointestinal diseases such as glandular gastritis, myogastritis and enteritis caused by bacterial infection or secondary bacterial infection, use "amoxicillin + lincomycin + proton pump inhibition + gastrointestinal mucosal protective agent + release of immunosuppression ingredients", veterinary clinics can receive better therapeutic effects.
  Of course, any kind of drug has incompatibility. Only under the premise of not violating the incompatibility of amoxicillin, can the clinical effect of amoxicillin be fully exerted. For example, microecology and enzyme preparations are now being hotly hyped, and amoxicillin cannot be used at the same time or at the same time as these ingredients. Because Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus licheniformis, Clostridium butyricum, etc. will inactivate amoxicillin. Phytase, glucose oxidase, amylase, cellulase and other enzyme preparations will decompose amoxicillin and cause it to lose its antibacterial activity, so that the effect of amoxicillin cannot be fully reflected.
arshine 21 march 2023, 2:53


Mention of florfenicol products can be seen almost everywhere in grass-roots veterinary drug stores, and it is also one of the commonly used drugs in major breeding companies. However, there is no doubt that everyone knows that florfenicol alone has the most prominent clinical therapeutic value: it is used for the treatment of respiratory diseases in livestock and poultry.
  As for other application values of florfenicol products in animal breeding production, few people have been exploring for so many years. This is a very regrettable thing, and it deserves the attention of front-line veterinarians in researching drug application and practice.
  The root cause of the difficult use of florfenicol products?
  What people get from professional drugs and pharmacology books is the theoretical drug and pharmacological knowledge of Florfenicol, but what the majority of grassroots veterinarians really need is: the pharmacological knowledge of the clinical application of Florfenicol, which is currently hindering The biggest obstacle to the correct use of Florfenicol products! At present, only human medicine has professional books in this area, but there is not a single professional book in this area in terms of animal medicine and pharmacological application research!
  Here we can take florfenicol as an example. The professional books on florfenicol that you have seen, as well as the contents of the "pharmacological action" section on the product label instructions of florfenicol, are all based on laboratory research and Analytical "models", "simulations" of "ex vivo" theoretical pharmacology. Rather than "clinical application pharmacology" combined with specific animal physiology, pathogens, pharmacokinetics and drug effects.
  Digestive pharmacology of Florfenicol
  1. Florfenicol has good antibacterial effect on Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Pasteurella and some anaerobic bacteria that cause gastrointestinal diseases; 2. Florfenicol is rapidly absorbed orally, 1 The effective therapeutic concentration can be reached within hours, and the bioavailability is over 80%; 3. For poultry with a relatively short digestive tract, there will be more florfenicol that is too late to be absorbed and stay in the digestive tract; 4. So Let's say, oral administration of florfenicol to chickens is also better for the treatment of chicken bacterial gastrointestinal diseases.
  However, the scientific application of florfenicol in the treatment of chicken digestive tract diseases does not mean that florfenicol alone will be effective. The reason is: Florfenicol is not sensitive to all pathogenic bacteria that cause digestive tract diseases in poultry! Especially for Escherichia coli with a relatively high drug resistance rate and some facultative anaerobic bacteria, it is necessary to synergize and strengthen the antibacterial effect!
  Then, the water-soluble florfenicol and colistin sulfate should be used in a synergistic ratio of 5:6, and at least 5 grams of florfenicol should be used according to the treatment amount of 100 kg of water, so as to treat more difficult-to-treat bacteria Enteritis is effective.
  This synergistic ratio between highly water-soluble florfenicol and colistin sulfate not only enhances the antibacterial effect on gastrointestinal diseases through multiple antibacterial effects, but also expands the antibacterial spectrum of the "prescription" against gastrointestinal pathogens , so as to ensure the therapeutic effect of the prescription for enteritis.
  ● Conversely, although the use of florfenicol products for poultry gastrointestinal diseases is suitable for poultry’s digestive tract physiology and florfenicol’s digestive tract pharmacology, but the antibacterial spectrum and action intensity of florfenicol itself ( Including drug resistance), florfenicol products alone are not effective in the treatment of poultry enteritis enterotoxicity.
arshine 21 march 2023, 2:51


With the arrival of spring and warmer weather, this is the fastest growing season of the year for beef cattle. To seize the favorable opportunity of spring to do a good job in beef cattle fattening, we need to pay attention to the following aspects.

1 To do a good job in feeding management

One is to use barn feeding and fattening. Due to the erratic climate in spring, it is necessary to strengthen the work of keeping warm to prevent drafts and drafts. Especially when it is cold in spring, we must pay more attention to keeping warm. However, house feeding and fattening are less affected by the climate, and the environment is relatively stable, especially for lactating cows. Moreover, high-quality beef can be obtained by fattening in house feeding, and the feed conversion efficiency is also high.

Feeding methods include: free feeding in small pens, regular feeding in small pens, regular rest in the upper and lower troughs, and regular feeding all day long. In spring, when fattening in house feeding, it is generally fed twice a day, and green feed can be supplemented appropriately at night to allow cattle to eat freely.

The second is to group cattle reasonably. Different types of cattle require different nutrients, so the corresponding feed should be supplied according to the age and weight of the cattle. The cattle are grouped according to sex, age, and weight, so that the feeding standard, the feeding amount, and the slaughter can be unified, which is beneficial to management. It is a measure that must be taken for large-scale cattle breeding.

The third is to strengthen the feeding and management of beef cattle. It is necessary to keep the beef barn hygienic, the cattle body clean and the environment quiet. The feeding time should not be too long. It is recommended to feed twice a day at 6-8 am and 4-6 pm. Keep the trough or water tank clean when not feeding, and give water once a day after feeding in the morning and afternoon. The feeding method of concentrated feed is preferably wet mix.

2 Reasonable preparation of feed

It is not suitable for grazing in early spring, and the whole house should be fed and fattened in the house. In order to meet the activities of beef cattle rumen microorganisms, it is necessary to ensure sufficient roughage. For roughage, it is best to choose silage corn, ammoniated straw, peanut seedlings, sweet potato seedlings, etc., and silage is preferred. In order to promote the rapid growth of beef cattle, it is also necessary to feed the beef cattle with concentrated feed. The feeding amount of concentrated feed is 1.5-2 kg per 100 kg of beef cattle body weight.

The recommended concentrate feed is prepared according to the following ratio: 48% corn, 30% soybean meal, 17% bran, and 5% beef cattle premix. Coarse and concentrated feeds must be properly matched. Generally, coarse feed is fed first and then fine feed, rough grass is fed first, distiller's grains are fed, and then fine feed is fed until the feed is full. If possible, use a TMR mixer to mix all the forage evenly before feeding.

3 Let the cattle do the right amount of exercise

Strengthening exercise is beneficial to the metabolism of cattle, promotes digestion, enhances the adaptability of cattle to changes in the external environment, and prevents the decline of cattle physique and the occurrence of limb and hoof diseases. For different types of cattle, let them do different exercises, such as allowing cows and young fattening cattle to move freely in the playground, and adopt "circling" compulsory exercise for breeding bulls, two hours a day, divided into two times in the morning and afternoon conduct. However, for adult shelf cattle, their movement should be limited as much as possible so that they can gain weight as soon as possible in a short fattening period. There are two methods of restricting the movement of shelf cattle:

One is intensive feeding, each cow is given 3 square meters of space, so that its activity space is limited;

The second is to tie (tied) the cattle so that they cannot move.

4 Strengthen disease prevention work

One is strict epidemic prevention. Spring is a period of high incidence of diseases. It is necessary to formulate a reasonable immunization program, prevent and treat diseases in time, and plan immunizations in a timely manner. In addition, regular disinfection should be carried out to keep the breeding environment clean and hygienic to prevent the increase and spread of pathogenic microorganisms; during the fattening process, attention should be paid to observing the feeding, excretion and mental state of the cattle.

The second is to reduce stress. The beginning of spring is the season with the worst body condition of beef cattle, and it is also the season when cows calve and start to estrus after giving birth. Whether or not the cattle can be raised at this time is related to the production efficiency of the whole year. Breeders should try their best to provide a warm, quiet and comfortable beef cattle breeding environment. Especially when it is cold in the spring, we should pay more attention to keep warm. The most suitable ambient temperature for beef cattle is 5-21°C, so the temperature in the barn should be kept above 5°C.

The third is regular deworming. Beef cattle undergo a comprehensive deworming before entering the house for fattening. Oral administration of 4 Chongbuxing Capsules (containing 20 mg of active ingredient) per 100 kg of body weight, or subcutaneous injection of 2 ml per 100 kg of body weight; or 5-7 mg of anti-histamine per kg of body weight, or levamisole 6-8 mg to get rid of various parasites in the body. It is also possible to add 500 grams of fenbendazole per ton of feed, and feed it according to the normal feeding method, which has a good effect on repelling parasites inside and outside the beef cattle.

5 Increase sun exposure time

Sun exposure has a good health care effect on beef cattle, which can enhance the immunity of beef cattle and prevent various diseases and infections. Because the ultraviolet rays in the sun have the effect of killing germs. Moreover, ultraviolet rays can increase the absorption of calcium by beef cattle. During the feeding process in spring, beef cattle consume a lot of heat energy and nutrients in their bodies due to cold resistance, and the intake of calcium is relatively heavy, and the intake of calcium depends on vitamin D. . The natural vitamin D can only be absorbed into the blood by the body of beef cattle by turning into vitamin D2 and vitamin D3 under ultraviolet radiation.

6 Timely slaughter

Correctly judging the best end date of fattening cattle and timely slaughtering can reduce beef cattle feed and capital investment, reduce feeding costs, improve economic benefits of cattle raising, and ensure beef quality. Therefore, it is of great significance in cattle breeding. There are generally several ways to judge whether the fattening cattle have reached the optimal end period:

One is the feeling of slaughtering fat. Fat condition is an important factor to determine whether it is suitable for slaughter. After fattening, the frame cattle become wider and fatter. The whole body of the beef cattle is cylindrical, with thick head, neck and limbs. Large and thick, with thick limbs. If you touch the back, hip, heel, scapula, ribs, abdomen and other parts of the cow with your hands, you can feel that the muscles are thick and the subcutaneous soft; The body condition is good, and it can be slaughtered in time.

The second is the appetite for slaughter. The feed intake of fattening cattle before the end of the fattening period can be followed regularly, and the absolute feed intake increases with the extension of the fattening period. If there is a trend of declining feed intake, it means that the fattening cattle are about to reach the end of the fattening period; if the feed intake When the feed intake drops to 1/3 or less of the normal feed intake, and after some measures to promote appetite, the appetite of the cattle still cannot be restored, indicating that the compensation growth is over and the fattening should be ended.

The third is the slaughter weight. After 3-4 months of fattening, the frame cattle will weigh more than 500 kilograms and gain more than 100 kilograms.
arshine 21 march 2023, 2:49

Sodium bicarbonate(baking soda) is a white crystalline powder, salty, soluble in water, molecular formula is NaHCO3, aqueous solution is weakly alkaline, odorless, commonly known as acidic sodium carbonate, heavy alkali, baking soda or sodium bicarbonate , Oral administration helps digestion, dissolves mucus, neutralizes gastric acid, and has a certain expectorant effect after being absorbed by the body.

Clinically, it is mainly used to neutralize gastric acid, extensive burns, gastrointestinal catarrhal inflammation, sepsis and severe diarrhea, etc. It is widely used in medical and food fields, and is often used as antacids and additives. Sodium bicarbonate can be used as a feed additive with low price, easy operation and good application effect. Adding it to the diet of livestock and poultry can better improve the digestibility of livestock and poultry, accelerate the speed of weight gain, accelerate the absorption of nutrients, and excrete harmful substances. It can improve the body's anti-stress ability, maintain the body's immunity and resistance, prevent diseases, and ensure the growth of livestock and poultry.

1. The mechanism ofaction of sodium bicarbonate

In fact, it is the nutritional and physiological role played by sodium bicarbonate as an electrolyte. The electrolyte balance in the body plays an important role in maintaining water and salt metabolism, osmotic pressure and acid-base balance. Sodium bicarbonate can increase appetite, reduce the viscosity of digestive juice, suppress acid, strengthen gastrointestinal contraction, and strengthen the stomach. Adding an appropriate amount of sodium bicarbonate to the poultry diet can supplement the reduction of carbonate in the blood caused by excessive CO2 exhaled by the poultry, thereby improving the body's calcium metabolism. Sodium bicarbonate can neutralize the organic acid in the stomach and the acidity of silage. It can accelerate the absorption of carbohydrates, cellulose and hemicellulose in the rumen of ruminants, and maintain the stable pH of the rumen at all times, which is conducive to the reproduction of microorganisms and improves the Livestock performance. Sodium bicarbonate can increase the pH and alkali reserve content in the blood, thereby improving the anti-stress ability and buffering ability of livestock and poultry.

2. Application in livestock and poultry production

2.1 Application in chicken production

Adding 0.7% sodium bicarbonate to the diet of broiler chickens over 2 weeks old can increase the weight of broilers by 5%~6%; adding 0.5%~0.8% sodium bicarbonate to the diet of laying hens can make the eggshell thickness Increase by about 6%, reduce egg breakage rate and significantly increase egg weight and egg production; add 0.4% sodium bicarbonate to breeder diet, the fertilization rate can increase by about 5%. If you choose to use sodium bicarbonate instead of table salt, you can significantly improve litter hygiene, reduce broiler drinking water, and reduce the incidence of chest abscesses.

2.2 Application in pig production

Adding an appropriate dose of sodium bicarbonate to the daily diet of piglets can significantly increase the feed intake and daily gain of piglets, and effectively prevent piglets from red, yellow and white scour; The feed consumption rate is significantly reduced, and the daily gain is increased; when 1.2% sodium bicarbonate is added to the diet of sows during lactation or late pregnancy, the body condition of sows is maintained in good condition, and the litter weight of weaned piglets is significantly increased.

2.3 Application in cattle production

Adding 3% sodium bicarbonate to the ration of calves can significantly increase the feed intake and the calves grow rapidly; adding 5% sodium bicarbonate to the ration of beef cattle can significantly shorten the fattening time and improve the utilization rate of feed , to neutralize the acid-base balance of the rumen to prevent excessive acidity; adding an appropriate dose of sodium bicarbonate to the diet of lactating dairy cows increases milk production by 30%, advances the peak milk production and maintains it for 8 months, and improves lactation performance be effectively improved; in the ratio of 6: 4 concentrate and coarse feed rations, the appropriate proportion of magnesium oxide and sodium bicarbonate is mixed and fed to dairy cows, and each cow can increase the production of 3.8 kg of fresh milk every day, especially It is the cows fed silage in the early stage, and the effect is particularly remarkable.

Adding sodium bicarbonate can effectively prevent symptoms such as ruminal acidosis, fatty liver, ketosis and abomasum lesions in dairy cows. Adding 100 grams of sodium bicarbonate to the diet of postpartum non-estrus dairy cows, after continuous feeding for 5 days, the effective estrus rate Reaching more than 90%, it has a significant effect on estrus cows caused by follicle development disorders, persistent corpus luteum and ovary quiescence.

3.benefits of sodium bicarbonatein disease prevention and treatment

Use 2%~3% sodium bicarbonate solution to flush the mucous membrane, which can remove the exposed mucus and reduce inflammation; Intravenous injection of 5% sodium bicarbonate can effectively alleviate it; taking it with streptomycin at the same time can improve the antibacterial effect of the urethra; Sexualizes urine to help excrete nitrates from the body.

4. Matters needing attention

At the beginning of feeding sodium bicarbonate, the poultry will appear anorexia, and it should be gradually transitioned in a small amount and several times, and it can be adapted after about 1 week. The concentration of sodium bicarbonate in drinking water is generally 0.2%~0.3%, and it is easy to decompose in a humid environment, thus affecting the use effect. Therefore, it is best to implement the "three-present" principle, that is, adding, mixing, and feeding, and it is not suitable for long-term storage. , so as not to fail. Organic acids, folic acid, vitamin B, and other substances that are easily destroyed by alkali should be avoided in combination with sodium bicarbonate, and when feeding sodium bicarbonate under high temperature conditions, attention should be paid to controlling the dosage to prevent chickens from eating too much Sodium can cause poisoning. In the actual production process, if improper operation causes excessive sodium bicarbonate, it can be remedied in the following two ways: (1) Increase the ingredients other than sodium bicarbonate in the diet to make it proportionate. (2) It can be neutralized by adding acid or acidic medicine.
arshine 21 march 2023, 2:48

If you need external financial assistance to help you manage unwelcome expenses, payday loans online are the most popular financial option. You can apply for one of same day payday loans without providing the lender with any type of security, and you can get access to funds ranging from $100 to $1000 for a repayment period of fourteen days to a month.

With Nueva Cash, you can get the coveted funds you need to handle a variety of short-term needs, such as grocery store expenses, child care or educational costs, the purchase of an interactive media device, past-due home rentals, unexpected car repairs, and more.

If you meet the aforementioned requirements, you can get your credit approved instantly. To do this, simply fill out a simple payday loans online same day application form with your name, address, financial information, phone number, email address, and so forth, and submit it. After you've finished your points of interest, the money is transferred to your account on the exact same day as use.

Everyone who enjoys accessing same day funding loans must adhere to some specific prerequisites. Regarding requirements, you must be a resident of the United States, be eighteen years old, be a full-time employee earning up to $500 a month, and lastly, have a legitimate, active financial history.

Guides to Payday Loans Online Same Day - Simple to Find

People in USA can access short-term financing through payday loans online same day to cover an emergency or unforeseen need. For instance, if you work for yourself and your computer breaks, you might need to borrow money to fix it. Without this necessary instrument, you are unable to make money. As a result, they offer a crucial service to those who lack alternatives like savings or credit card availability. They can also be perfect for people who find it difficult to swiftly acquire more affordable forms of credit because they give them the financial independence they need to get out of difficult situations.

They are a relatively recent development in USA financial sector as compared to payday loans online same day. They emerged primarily as a result of an increase in demand from clients looking for immediate payout. The market for short-term loans has expanded and changed, and with it the systems and processes used in the sector. This has made requesting cash loan online a simple and quick process when you require money right away. There is no longer a requirement to complete drawn-out, laborious paper applications in a physical bank. A wonderful alternative to helping you borrow money quickly and at low rates is to use one of the many online loan brokers.

If you need a quick infusion of fast cash loans online, whether for an emergency trip or to cover your grocery bills until your next pay period, an instant loan online is the best option. We recognize that since life is erratic, you could need money right away to fulfill your immediate needs. We offer a wide range of possibilities, from short-term loans to lengthy ones.

Amy Jones is a financial adviser of Nueva Cash. Please visit on the following link to know more about direct deposit loans, fast cash loans online and same day payday loans.
NuevaCash 20 march 2023, 7:48

For it is likely in the modern world to make money with assurance and safety. In order to locate the best same day loan deal, you do not need to travel far and wide. Applying for a same day loans online is achievable without any hesitation. The good news is that they are completely free of tiresome tasks like faxing paperwork, pledging collateral, filling out extensive paperwork, etc.

People who are unable to use banks due to poor credit histories might benefit from same day cash loans, which offer immediate approval in the shortest amount of time. Everyone who has credit troubles such as defaults, national court judgements, abandonment, solitary deliberate understandings, or bankruptcy is eligible to receive same-day personal advances in a straightforward manner.

In this way, you can access the shop in amounts ranging from $100 to $1,000 with a flexible repayment period of roughly fourteen days to approximately one month. Since there is no need for security, the rate of premium charged for the confirmed cash is quite high. However, in order to qualify for same day payday loans, you must be a US citizen over the age of eighteen and a regular representative with a real, active financial history. The money can be used for a variety of immediate, domestic needs, such as paying for overdue lodging leases, MasterCard contributions, family emergency expenses, and more.

Why Do People Pick Same Day Funding Loans? Reasons for using them by buyers

Once the history of credit as phenomena has been clarified, let's define USA current payday loans. After that, consider the causes behind why people utilize them.

Payday loans are therefore the same everywhere, not just in the state. An individual consumer receives a small, same day funding loans from a commercial financial organization. It's crucial that it's not from the bank. Typically, the day on which the creditor receives the following paycheck is the credit's due date. Payday loans are the name given to these transactions because of this. We can categorize the primary characteristics of these loans into two categories: positive and negative.

The lenders prompt the positive ones freely. As follows:

Comfort. The customer can complete everything quickly in a payday store or online;

For emergency cash loans in USA are extremely popular. Your credit score doesn't really matter when applying for small-dollar loans.

Time-saving. Every action is swift. Consequently, a customer can receive money on their account in about 30 minutes.

Speaking of the drawbacks, it goes without saying that the lenders are not in a rush to inform customers of them. And these are the drawbacks:

Very little time, often two weeks, that a client has to pay the bill;

The highest APR imaginable. Technically, the agreement should include details about the APR for emergency cash loans. The lender you work with also has no right to keep the information a secret. However, the acquisition revealed that just 32% of them provided a direct response to the query1. The others either refused to answer or provided false information.

Users are unable to appropriately analyze the dangers because of the lack of time and inaccurate information.

Lauren Smith is a financial adviser of Payday Market Loans. Please visit on the following link to know more about same day funding loans, same day cash loans and same day loans online.
paydaymarketloans 20 march 2023, 7:06
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