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Interdiction and investigation are both efforts by law enforcement services meant to solve crimes in the society. Both interdiction and investigation take variable time periods, ranging from a few days to years, and apprehension is normally the end results of all the efforts. Therefore, officers in both fields have a culture of patience, being able to build and prove their cases slowly as new evidence comes up until enough evidence has been collected to justify the apprehension of the offender. Without enough evidence in both fields, charges cannot be laid on the offender because it is a requirement by the law. Military services have come to be involved in both interdiction and investigation efforts in non-military services. For instance, the US military offered to play a major interdiction role after its primary strategic enemy, the Soviet Union, collapsed. Besides that, the US military has units for both interdiction and investigation that help propel its power worldwide. In both fields, caution is a culture that is mandatory depending on the target being investigated or interdicted. Officers in both units are trained to be highly cautious when approaching targets.

As contrasted to interdiction, investigation is a wider field that can encompass elements of interdiction such as monitoring, detection, and sorting. In the course of an interdiction process, an investigation comes first, which means that investigation always comes before interdiction. The officers involved with the interdiction must perform a thorough investigation of the situation before they can move in to interdict. In most cases, training culture among interdiction officers is more thorough and tougher as compared to investigation officers. Interdiction officers are highly trained in combat and the use of weapons from both a close range and distance.

The culture of thorough training is necessary because the nature of the job the officers do is sometimes very risky. For instance, highway interdiction efforts involve some dangerous gang members who have sufficient training in the use of weapons. While target with offenders frequently happens in investigations, officers involved in interdiction rarely make contact with the targeted individuals before the last steps, that is, pursuit and apprehension. The culture of remaining as anonymous and as “out of sight” as possible is highly pursued among interdiction officers as opposed to investigation officers in most cases. However, investigation officers have the culture of maintaining a variety of personalities and character depending on the case they are working on. Sometimes they have to blend into the target group and behave according to the requirements of the group, while in some cases, they have to be normal like members of the public. Such change of character and assumption of various personalities does not apply in interdiction, targets are monitored from a distance, detected and sorted and then pursued for apprehension. In addition, whereas investigation is normally a solo effort in most cases, with cases being assigned to a single officer or two partners, interdiction nurtures a culture of teamwork. Officers have to monitor targets collectively and get involved in making collective decisions based on the scenario under investigation. All the three steps of interdiction, that is, monitoring, detection and sorting, as well as pursuit and apprehension is a team effort, as opposed to investigations, in which single officers bear the bulk of the investigation with a few steps involving other officers. Since targets of interdiction are almost always dangerous or individuals are capable of fleeing, the culture of treating them as such has emerged in interdiction services as opposed to targets of investigation who are sometimes innocent members of the public, with some being children.

About the author:
Alyson Hastings is working as a freelance writer at Best-writing-service. Her field of activity is writing a legal brief template for students that want to connect their lives with science of law.
alysonhastings 16 september 2021, 15:26

One of India’s leading institutions, Ajeenkya DY Patil University gets awarded as India’s Most Admirable Brand by The Brand Story for offering holistic education and significant growth opportunities to students

Ajeenkya DY Patil University, a widely acclaimed institution in Pune, was established under the Maharashtra Government Act of 2015 of the Government of Maharashtra. It is an institution that offers the best undergraduate and postgraduate programs in unique areas linked to the exemplary ‘ADYPU Student Experience’, which is supported by excellent facilities and highly motivated teaching staff.

The University is known for applying innovative thinking across various activities for the present and the future. It also continues to develop effective capabilities to respond flexibly and quickly to the changes by employing innovative solutions in different internal processes and external offerings. The mission of ADYPU is to empower students and prepare them to meet the challenges of a rapidly changing world, and contribute to the betterment of the world. It aims to contribute to creating an innovation-oriented Indian society by developing new solutions to elevate the quality of life for every Indian and utilizing the knowledge suitably.

As the future of economic, financial & social paradigms evolves, the Ajeenkya DY Patil University is gearing up to new challenges & exploiting vibrant possibilities for growth through a single-minded focus on innovation. In doing so, it takes on new challenges and vibrant new opportunities that stimulate development. President of Ajeenkya DY Patil University and Chairman of Ajeenkya DY Patil Group, Dr Ajeenkya DY Patil has carried the remarkable vision of his father Dr DY Patil to a progressive new level and has prospered with commendable breakthroughs by spearheading the working of the Ajeenkya DY Patil University.

Having done his Master’s in Business Administration from the prestigious Richmond College, the UK, and an honorary doctorate from the University of Central Lancashire, United Kingdom, Dr Ajeenkya DY Patil has been working extensively to advance the education field in India. Dr Patil has emerged as a renowned name owing to his capabilities of bringing institutional changes with a compelling vision. The Paul Harris Fellowship (2000) holder, Dr Patil has been awarded a multitude of honorary awards in recognition of his outstanding services, allegiance, and steadfastness in education.

Besides the field of education, Dr Ajeenkya DY Patil also heads the Ajeenkya DY Patil Group, which has diversified operations in education, health, agriculture, and sports. Owing to his in-depth experience, Dr Patil understands the need for young minds to train effectively, efficiently, and thoughtfully. For this reason, he has gradually expanded his roots to various dimensions of education. His outstanding effort to encourage the students to enrol in professionally oriented programs and making the most out of a distinctive academic portfolio is a fine example of his vision.

One of the primary priorities of Ajeenkya DY Patil University is to ensure a strong academic foundation and an environment of inclusive excellence. Other than the Ajeenkya DY Patil University, the DY Patil International School and DY Patil Knowledge city have also grown tremendously under the ever-inspiring leadership of Dr Ajeenkya. Having adopted the Scale-Up Classroom that stands for 'Student-Centred Active Learning Environment with Upside-down Pedagogies', ADYPU has been a pioneer in India. It is a structural pedagogical approach instrumental in increasing student participation and engagement popular in over 250 Universities across the US and Europe.
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ADYPU is consistently keeping pace with the new technologies to upskill students for the future. Other than managing the online or blended learning programs through virtual classrooms and collaboration tools, the authorities of ADYPU have also been working on including the best of Analytics and Artificial Intelligence in the future. The pandemic led the University to transition from blended learning to only virtual classroom mode, and it was worthwhile. ADYPU has taken on many projects to help students learn better. ADYPU stresses the importance of rational thinking, cognitive ability, entrepreneurship, and emotional intelligence as some of the essential elements of pedagogy in the coming decade. It strives to enable students to prepare accordingly.
The Brand Story acknowledges the outstanding contribution of Ajeenkya DY Patil University for redefining high-quality education and doing the same with a steadfast and consistent record. Mr. Abhay Kaushik, Editor in Chief and Director, The Brand Story, said, “Ajeenkya DY Patil University is an institution preparing students for the future while making consistent efforts to enhance the standard of the Indian education system right from the foundation to higher studies. It is one of the best places for students to realize their unlimited potential and learn important things. The Brand Story is proud to award Ajeenkya DY Patil University as India’s Most Admirable Brand.”
adypu 8 september 2021, 9:55

The National Educational Policy (2020) aims to revolutionize the perception of higher education and diverge from the narrow confines of one dimensional approach of a specialized study. The concept of ‘Liberal Education’ corresponds to the ancient pedagogical designs practiced in the heralded Universities of Taksila and Nalanda. It is a comprehensive scheme of versatile courses ranging from rhetoric and logic to astronomy reflecting the strategic and all-encompassing development of an individual.

The macaulayian system of education coupled with Nehruvian emphasis on technical education contributed to the emergence of a generation solely interested in gaining technical expertise with no concern of nurturing the creative faculty, a crucial factor that shapes the innovative spirit. The consequence of mere stress on the mechanical knowledge has produced a legion of technical graduates without employability and transferable skills creating a greater problem of unemployability in our nation.

Liberal education seeks to wipe away the colonial mind-set of the educative policies and strives to empower a new generation of leaders with critical inquiry and inventive faculty to expand the boundaries of the technical knowledge as well as gain adaptability skills to function at the intersection of various disciplines. For instance, a student of computational linguistics, is well versed in the ethnographical analysis of the language simultaneously creating integrated technologies under the purview of languages systems like Alexa or Siri.

A Dell Technologies report in 2017 projected that eighty five percent of the jobs of 2030 have not been invented yet. This confirms that it imperative gain multi- disciplinary aptitude to deal with the future challenges of job market. A trans- disciplinary curriculum will aid in the evolution of the individual both analytically and creatively. Moreover, let us move away from the misconception, that liberal education graduates only excels in the field of academia. We have likes of Susan Wojcicki, CEO of YouTube majored in History, and Literature at Harvard University, Sam Palmisano, and former IBM CEO was a History major at Johns Hopkins University, Oprah Winfrey, American media proprietor, talk show host and producer earned a Communication degree at Tennessee State University.

Therefore, liberal education is a dynamic enterprise that will revamp the bifurcated structures of education and dismantle the dichotomy of academic elitism conferred up on few areas of professional learning. Liberal education is the core principle highlighted in the New National Education Policy which dictates that the students should be prepared to the embrace the currents of expected change in the professional arena of the nation.
adypu 19 july 2021, 13:09

Higher education has changed dramatically with the onset of the Covid pandemic. EdTech adoption has paved the way for remote learning and has been gaining dependence. Similar to other sectors, education is in dire need of a new generation of educators with innovative thinking, intellectuals, and education capability to tackle the challenge of tomorrow.

ADYPU is the epitome of a future ready education for the 21st-century students with educational excellence. It offers personalized and customized education in its wide range of programs. At present, it is offering 80+ courses under its nine schools in; Hotel Management, Design, Engineering, Management, Architecture, Liberal Arts, Film & Media, Information Technology and Law. It aims to be a substantial catalyzer in the creation of Innovation oriented Indian society. With its state-of-the-art pedagogy and international curriculum, it focuses on the holistic development of students that involves; T-shaped Learning, Entrepreneurship facilitation, Experiential Learning, which leads to record placement in top MNCs and renowned organizations.

Covid-19 was an unexpected event that affected every industry. The University coped well during the pandemic because it always has been investing in technology. It raised and paced up learning methodologies to fit with the current scenario. Within the last two years, it shifted its activities to digital platforms, hosted various webinars and online workshops for students and faculty members around the world. It started ADYPU Edge to provide access to lectures by its professors'; Polaris, a student-powered community to keep them engaged and connected; Entrance for You to provide free test papers to practice for various competitive exams.

Recently, it won the 18th Elets World Education Award 2021 under Most Promising Engineering Institute in India, Excellence in Course Curriculum & Design, and Leading University in Innovation. It has bagged many awards in its journey as a domain leader, some of the mentions are Best Education Brand 2018 -19 award by Economic Times, recipient of Best Private University, 2018 by ASSOCHAM and many more.

“ADYPU has been consistently outpacing its peers in the higher education space in student experience & satisfaction since its commencement. We believe our success is a validation of what we have managed to achieve as an Innovation University with a student-first approach. We are built on the undying hard work and zeal of our staff that took our university among the education industry leaders. We envision to spawn a revolution in the manner education is delivered.”– Dr Ajeenkya D Y Patil, President, ADYPU.

Dr Ajeenkya DY Patil is the President of Ajeenkya DY Patil University and Chairman of Ajeenkya DY Patil Group (ADYPG) and holds leadership positions in several other organizations. He has a Master’s in Business Administration from Richmond College, UK. He has been awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the University of Central Lancashire, United Kingdom, for his outstanding achievements in the fields of education, healthcare and social services


After managing the consistency and quality of education delivery during the worldwide pandemic, the university has emerged with more power than ever. It is offering the perfect blend of hybrid learning with digital transformation and face to face education. ADYPU has shown remarkable growth since its inception, and with its innovative approach and flexibility, it is leading the sector by shaping a new discourse and paradigm.
adypu 19 july 2021, 13:04

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Tags: writing
LolaHoll 27 october 2018, 8:45

Here on Habré there was a correspondence about uneducated youth and the student and teacher spoke. Well, obviously there is something missing - namely, the opinion of the extreme in this process - the employer. This post we wrote in just two hours, because it boiled over the previous years. And this will not be a sterilized and verified article, but a cry of the soul.

The road to good work is always difficult and requires effort
Papay 28 october 2017, 9:57

This article opens a series of articles, in case, if it will be found interesting, because the first rule of public speaking says: tell people that, what they are interested in!

If you have never experienced public speaking or are afraid to do it – here is “under the cut”. If you consider yourself an experienced speaker, the second article of this series will be for you.

Today’s article is going to be more dedicated to the speech, and less to its contents. If the future comments show, that the composition of the speech needs to be explained (the problem statement -> the solution -> the selection process -> the chosen solution -> the result), or the basics of public speaking (avoid using “hum and haw”, junk words and finishing phrases with non-normative interjections) – I’ll do it next time.
MeLavi 6 june 2012, 14:07